Ugonjwa wa ovarian cyst

Ovari ni sehemu ya viungo vya uzazi vya mwanamke. Ovari zipo sehemu ya chini ya tumbo, pande zote mbili za uterasi au mji wa mimba uterus. Wanawake wana ovari mbili ambazo hufanya kazi ya kuzalisha mayai pamoja na homoni za estrogen na progesterone. Ovari ndicho chanzo kikuu cha homoni za mwanamke ambazo huhusika na ukuaji wa tabia za mwili wa mwanamke kama matiti, umbile la mwili, na nywele za mwilini.

ugonjwa wa ovarian cyst

Ovari pia husimamia mzunguko wa hedhi na ujauzito. Katika mada yetu ya leo tutazungumzia ovarian cysts, tatizo ambalo hujitokeza katika ovari za mwanamke. Ovarian cyst inatokea pale majimaji yanapojikusanya kwenye utando mwembamba wa ngozi ndani ya ovari. Ukubwa wa ovarian cyst unaweza kuwa kati ya punje ya njegere na chungwa. Cyst ni neno linalotumika kuelezea kitu kilichofunikwa chenye umbo la mfuko.

Cyst hutenganishwa na tishu za karibu yake na utando mwembamba wa ngozi. Ndani ya cyst kuna majimaji, hewa, au kitu kilicho kati ya maji na kitu kigumu. Eneo la nje la cyst huitwa cyst wall. Ovarian cysts nyingi ni ndogo na hazileti madhara kiafya. Hutokea mara nyingi wakati wa umri wa kuzaa, ingawa huweza kutokea kwenye umri wo wote. Kwa kawaida ovarian cysts hazina dalili zo zote, ingawa wakati mwingine huleta maumivu au kusababisha damu itoke.

Kama ovarian cyst inazidi nusu kipenyo cha sentimenta 5, inaweza kuhitajika kuondolewa kwa upasuaji. Kuna aina kuu mbili za ovarian cysts na hapa chini ni maelezo ya aina hizo mbili na sababu za kutokea kwa kila moja ya aina hizo.

Functional ovarian cysts — hii ndiyo aina inayojitokeza mara nyingi zaidi. Aina hii ambayo haina madhara ni sehemu ya mzunguko wa kawaida wa hedhi ya mwanamke na huishi kwa muda mfupi.

Pathological cysts — hizi ni ovarian cysts zinazojijenga ndani ya ovari; hizi huweza kuwa hazina madhara au kuleta saratani. Follicular cysts ni aina mabayo huonekana mara nyingi sana kwa wanawake.

My Ovarian Cyst + Getting it Surgically Removed

Mwanamke ana ovari mbili. Yai huvingirika kutoka kwenye ovari hadi ndani ya mji wa mimba, ambako linaweza kurutubishwa na mbegu za mwanamme. Yai huundwa ndani ya follicle, ambayo huwa na majimaji ili kulilinda yai linalokua. Yai linapoangushwa, follicle hupasuka.Polycystic ovary syndrome kwa kifupi PCOS ni kisababishi namba moja kwa ugumba kwa wanawake wengi duniani kote.

Tatizo hili ni ugonjwa angamivu wa kimyakimya, yaani unakutafuna kimyakimya bila kufahamu mpaka pale tatizo linapokuwa kubwa. Huwaathiri zaidi wanawake waliopo kwenye umri wa kuzaa miaka 18 mpaka Habari njema ni kwamba kuna njia mbadala kutibu tatizo lako la PCOS ambapo inaanzia katika kubalansi homoni zako za kike.

PCOS ni mkusanyiko wa vimbe ndogondogo nyingi tunazoziita ovarian cyst. Uvimbe kwenye mayai ya mwanamke ovary hutokana na mkusanyiko wa majimaji yanayozungukwa na kuta nyembamba ndani ya mayai ya mwanamke. Uvimbe huu ambao hupatikana ndani ya mayai ya mwanamke ndio unaojulikana kama ovarian cyst. Wakati fulani mifuko midogo hujitengeneza juu ya yai lililokoma, kimfuko hichi hupotea pale yai linapotolewa kwenye hedhi, pale inapotokea yai limekomaa na halijatolewa basi kimfuko hichi hujifunga na kuwa na maji ndani yake.

Kimfuko hichi tunakiita ovarian cyst na vinapokuwa vingi tunaviita polycystic. Kwahiyo Polycystic ovarian syndrome ni mkusanyiko wa dalili zinazoambatana na uwepo wa vimbe hizi ndogo ndogo cysts kwenye mifuko ya mayai ya mwanamke. Uvimbe huu unaweza kumtokea mwanamke wa umri wowote ingawa mara nyingi huonekana kwa wanawake waliofikia kikomo cha umri wa kupata ujauzito.

Kwa kawaida mwanamke anakuwa na mayai mawili katika mwili wake. Yai moja upande wa kulia na yai jingine upande wa kushoto. Mayai haya hupatikana pembezoni mwa mfuko wa uzazi uterus. Katikati ya mwezi, siku ya kumi na nne, saa baada ya kiwango cha kichocheo aina ya Luteinizing Hormone kuwa juu, mayai ya uzazi hutolewa katika kila ovari na hii ndio hujulikana kama ovulation au upevukaji mayai.

Mayai haya ya uzazi huishi kwa saa chache hadi saa 24 ikiwa hayatorutubishwa na mbegu za kiume. Mabaki ya mfuko wa mayai ya uzazi yanayojulikana kama follicle ndani ya ovari, hugeuka na kuwa corpus luteum ambao huhusika na utoaji wa kichocheo au homoni aina ya progesterone kwa wingi.

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Homoni hii ya progesterone ndio inayosababisha mfuko wa uzazi kujiandaa kwa kujikita yai implantation lililorutubishwa kwa mbegu ya kiume ndani ya mfuko wa uzazi kwa kuongeza unene kwenye kuta zake. Yai hili husafiri hadi kwenye mfuko wa uzazi ambako hukua na kuwa mtoto. Kama upachikwaji wa yai liliorutubishwa hautafanyika, basi ndani ya wiki mbili, corpus luteum huanza kusinyaa na kupotea na kusababisha kushuka kwa kiwango cha homoni aina ya progesterone na estrogen.

Kushuka kwa kiwango cha vichocheo hivi ndio husababisha mfuko wa uzazi kuanza kutoa mabaki ya kuta zake pamoja na yai la uzazi na ndipo pale mwanamke anapoanza kuona siku zake za hedhi kutokwa na damu ukeni. Aina ya kwanza ni Follicular cyst ambayo uvimbe hutokea wakati ovulation isipotokea au baada ya corpus luteum kuanza kusinyaa na kupotea yenyewe baada ya kutopachikwa kwa yai kwenye kuta za mfuko wa kizazi.

Uvimbe huu unakuwa na wastani wa inchi 2. Upasukaji wa uvimbe huu husababisha maumivu makali sana katikati ya mzunguko wa hedhi yaani siku ya ovulation. Aina ya pili ni Corpus Luteum cyst- ambao ni uvimbe unaosababishwa na kutopachikwa kwa yai la uzazi lililorutubishwa na mbegu ya kiume kwenye mfuko wa kizazi.

Kwa kawaida corpus luteum husinyaa na kupotea yenyewe, au wakati mwengine inaweza ikajaa maji na hivyo kusababisha uvimbe. Uvimbe huu huonekana kwenye upande mmoja kushoto au kulia wa mwanamke na hauna dalili zozote zile. Huambatana na maumivu makali kwenye upande mmoja wa ubavu wa mwanamke. Uvimbe mwingine ni Dermoid cyst- ambao sio saratani na pia hujulikana kama mature cystic teratoma, huathiri wanawake wadogo walio katika umri wa kushika mimba na huweza kukua na kufikia inchi 6 kwa upana na ndani huweza kuwa na mchanganyiko wa nywele, mfupa, mafuta na cartilage.

Uvimbe wa aina hii huweza kuwa mkubwa zaidi au kujizungusha na hivyo kuathiri usambazaji wa damu kwenda kwenye uvimbe huu na hivyo kusababisha maumivu makali sana maeneo ya tumboni. Aina nyingine ni Polycysitic appearing cyst- ambao unakuwa mkubwa sana na huwa umezungukwa na vijivimbe vingine vidogo vidogo na huonekana hata kwa wanawake wenye afya njema au wale wenye matatizo ya homoni. Aina ya sita ya uvimbe ni Cystedenoma-Ni aina ya uvimbe unaotokana kwenye tishu za ovari na hujazwa na majimaji yenye kuvutika.

Uvimbe wa aina hii huweza kuwa mkubwa sana hata kufikia inchi 12 au zaidi kwa upana. Mgonjwa kufanyiwa Endovaginal Ultrasound ambayo hufanywa kwa kuingiza mpira maalum kupitia ukeni na kuangalia mfuko wa uzazi na mayai ya mwanamke. Kwa kutumia kipimo hiki, ni rahisi kwa daktari kugundua kama uvimbe kwenye mayai ni wa aina gani na kujua kama ni maji tu fluid filled sacau ni maji pamoja na mchanganyiko wa vitu vigumu kwa maana ya complex, au ni vitu vigumu pekee ambapo huitwa completely solid.A writer in the U.

When she was sent for an ultrasound, Cummins said doctors estimated that the mass had grown to be around 20 centimeters, but later they discovered it was double that size. It felt like I had a remote control sticking in my side.

I lost my appetite completely and just felt really heavy and tired a lot. When she was sent for an ultrasound, Cummins said doctors estimated that the mass had grown to be around 20 centimeters. She underwent surgery on March 27 to remove the mass, which was later measured at 40 centimeters, her right ovary and fallopian tube, which had been damaged by the weight of the cyst.

Uvimbe kwenye mayai-Ovarian cyst

Cummins said she feels much lighter since having the cyst removed. According to the Mayo Clinic, ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs or pockets in an ovary or on its surface. While many women develop ovarian cysts at some point, most present little or no discomfort and are harmless, and disappear within a few months without requiring treatment. But larger ovarian cysts can cause pelvic pain, fullness or heaviness in the abdomen or bloating.

Risks for developing an ovarian cyst include hormonal issues, pregnancy, endometriosis, pelvic infection or previous cysts. Woman has massive inch ovarian cyst removed A writer in the U. Stay up-to-date on the biggest health and wellness news with our weekly recap.

Arrives Weekly.The ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix and vagina make up the female reproductive system. Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs or pockets in an ovary or on its surface. Women have two ovaries — each about the size and shape of an almond — on each side of the uterus. Eggs ovawhich develop and mature in the ovaries, are released in monthly cycles during the childbearing years. Many women have ovarian cysts at some time.

Most ovarian cysts present little or no discomfort and are harmless. The majority disappears without treatment within a few months. However, ovarian cysts — especially those that have ruptured — can cause serious symptoms.

To protect your health, get regular pelvic exams and know the symptoms that can signal a potentially serious problem. Most cysts don't cause symptoms and go away on their own. However, a large ovarian cyst can cause:. If you have these signs and symptoms or those of shock — cold, clammy skin; rapid breathing; and lightheadedness or weakness — see a doctor right away. A follicular cyst occurs when the follicle of the ovary doesn't rupture or release its egg.

ugonjwa wa ovarian cyst

Instead, it grows until it becomes a cyst. Abnormal changes in the follicle of the ovary after an egg has been released can cause the egg's escape opening to seal off.

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Fluid accumulates inside the follicle, and a corpus luteum cyst develops. Most ovarian cysts develop as a result of your menstrual cycle functional cysts. Other types of cysts are much less common. Your ovaries normally grow cyst-like structures called follicles each month. Follicles produce the hormones estrogen and progesterone and release an egg when you ovulate.

If a normal monthly follicle keeps growing, it's known as a functional cyst.Uvimbe kwenye mayai ya ya mwanamke ovary hutokana na mkusanyiko wa majimaji yanaozungukwa na kuta nyembamba ndani ya mayai ya mwanamke. Uvimbe huu ambao hupatikana ndani ya mayai ya mwanamke ndio unaojulikana kama ovarian cyst.

Uvimbe huu hutokea kwa wanawake wa umri wowote ule na mara nyingi huonekana kwa wanawake waliokatika umri wa kushika ujauzito. Sina nia ya kusema ya kwamba tatizo lake ni hili la uvimbe katika mayai ya mwanamke, la hasha, kwa sababu sijaiona ultrasound yake na historia yake aliyotoa msomaji huyu ilikuwa haijitoshelezi. Hivyo, nina imani ya kuwa kwa kupitia makala hii yeye pamoja na wasomaji wengine wanaweza kupata mwanga juu ya tatizo hili la uvimbe katika mayai ya mwanamke. Mayai ya mwanamke ni nini?

Kwa kawaida mwanamke anakuwa na mayai mawili katika mwili wake. Yai moja upande wa kulia na yai jingine upande wa kushoto kwake. Mayai haya hupatikana pembezoni mwa mfuko wa uzazi uterus.

Mayai haya ya mwanamke huanza kuzalisha mayai ya uzazi yanayojulikana kama ovum. Mayai haya ya uzazi hukuwa ndani ya mayai ya mwanamke ovary kwa kuchochewa na baadhi ya homoni. Katikati ya mwezi, siku ya kumi na nne,masaa baada ya kiwango cha kichocheo aina ya Luteinizing Hormone kuwa juu, mayai ya uzazi hutolewa katika kila ovary na hii ndio hujulikana kama ovulation.

Mayai haya ya uzazi huishi kwa masaa machache hadi masaa 24 bila kurutubishwa na shahawa kutoka kwa mwanamume. Mabaki ya mfuko. Ni kichocheo hiki cha progesterone ndio kinachosababisha mfuko wa uzazi kujiandaa kwa upachikwaji implantation wa yai lililorutubishwa kwa shahawa ndani ya mfuko wa uzazi kwa kuongeza unene kwenye kuta zake. Yai hili husafiri hadi kwenye mfuko wa uzazi kwa ajili ya kwenda kujipachika. Kama upachikwaji wa yai liliorutubishwa kwa shahawa au kama yai la uzazi ambalo halijarutubishwa kwa shahawa hautafanyika, basi ndani ya wiki mbili, corpus luteum huanza kusinyaa na kupotea yenyewe involute na kusababisha kushuka kwa kiwango cha vichocheo aina ya progesterone na estrogen.

Kushuka kwa viwango vya vichocheo hivi ndio husababisha mfuko wa uzazi kuanza kutoa mabaki ya kuta zake pamoja na yai la uzazi na hii ndiyo pale mwanamke anatoka damu ukeni inayojulikana kama hedhi menstruation. Unaweza ukajiuliza, ni kwa nini mwandishi ameanza na maelezo ya hedhi? Hapa nilitaka kuonyesha umuhimu wa mayai ya uzazi kwa mwanamke pamoja na kazi yake. Kuna aina ngapi za uvimbe kwenye mayai ya mwanamke? Kuna aina nyingi za uvimbe kwenye mayai ya mwanamke lakini aina hizi saba ndio huonekana sana kwa wanawake wengi ambazo ni; I.

Follicular cyst -Hutokea wakati ovulation isipotokea au baada ya corpus luteum kuanza kusinyaa na kupotea yenyewe baada ya kutokupachikwa kwa yai kwenye kuta za mfuko wa kizazi. Uvimbe huu unakuwa na wastani wa 2. Upasukaji wa uvimbe huu husababisha maumivu makali sana katikati ya mzunguko wa hedhi yaani siku ya ovulation. Maumivu haya yanayojulikana kama mittelschmerz huonekana kwa wanawake robo moja wenye aina hii ya uvimbe.

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Kwa kawaida, uvimbe huu hauna dalili zozote na hupotea wenyewe baada ya miezi kadhaa. Corpus Luteum cyst -Kutokana na kutopachikwa kwa yai la uzazi lililorutubishwa na shahawa kwenye mfuko wa kizazi, corpus luteum husinyaa na kupotea yenyewe, aghalabu inaweza kutokea corpus luteum ikajaa maji na hivyo kusababisha uvimbe wa aina hii.

Kwa kawaida, uvimbe huu huonekana kwenye upande mmoja kushoto au kulia wa mwanamke na hauna dalili zozote zile. Hemorrhagic cyst -Uvimbe huu hutokea wakati kukiwa na uvujaji wa damu ndani ya uvimbe wa aina yoyote ule ambao umeshajitengeneza tayari.

Huambatana na maumivu makali kwenye upande mmoja wa ubavu wa mwanamke kushoto au kulia. Dermoid cyst - Uvimbe huu ambao sio saratani na pia hujulikana kama mature cystic teratoma, huathiri wanawake wadogo walio katika umri wa kushika mimba na huweza kukua na kufikia inchi 6 kwa upana na ndani yake huweza kuwa na mchanganyiko wa nywele, mfupa, mafuta na cartilage.

Uvimbe wa aina hii huweza kuwa mkubwa zaidi inflamed au kujizungusha torsion na hivyo kuathiri usambazi wa damu kwenda kwenye uvimbe huu na hivyo kusababisha maumivu makali sana maeneo ya tumboni. Polycysitic appearing cyst - Uvimbe wa aina hii unakuwa ni mkubwa sana na huwa umezungukwa na vijivimbe vyengine vidogo vidogo na huonekana hata kwa wanawake wenye afya njema au wale wenye matatizo ya homoni.

Cystedenoma -Ni aina ya uvimbe unaotokana kwenye tishu za ovary na hujazwa na majimaji aina ya kamasi. Uvimbe wa aina hii huweza kuwa mkubwa sana hata kufikia inchi 12 au zaidi kwa upana.Charlotte has won the past five meetings. Texas Tech Red Raiders free picks.

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Ovarian cysts: When should you worry?

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ugonjwa wa ovarian cyst

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A: Lamont has several options, all of which can be charged to a grant number. Note that small reimbursements (e. A: Car rentals are 2x cheaper out of Nyack and vicinity than from New York City.

ugonjwa wa ovarian cyst

A: Getting there is possible through the companies below. Once you are there, many cities have great transit systems (e. After copying this file to your theme's folder and customizing it, remove this HTML comment. Carpooling opportunities: LDEO ride-board 511NY Rideshare Bus between NYC and Lamont: CoachUSA Route 9Lamont's stop is loosely referred to as "state line", but the nearest major stop on the schedule is "Oak Tree Rd" and is just to the north.

DEES vans (contact the DEES office at 845-365-8550) Shipping dept. Q: With no car, what are some options for travel between northeastern cities. Boston, Philadelphia): "Chinatown" Bus lines, etc. Gareth Branwyn is a freelance writer and the former Editorial Director of Maker Media.

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I assume you could find one, used, on auction for about half that. Do others here have experience with one of these.

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